Should You Listen to Music While Reading?

Do you prefer reading in the silence or do you like to have music turned on while reading? People have different preferences in it. I personally like to read and work in complete silence, but you may not like it. But how does music affect your reading performance? Can you read faster or comprehend better if you listen to music while reading?

In order to read efficiently you have to fully focus to the text. If you mind is not 100% present in the reading process then you will not remember well what you have read. Beside, poor comprehension it causes frequent skip backs, which in will decrease your reading speed. You may loose track and it is difficult to keep a good reading rhythm.

How will music affect your concentration? Could it help you to focus better? First, it must be acknowledged that our mind is capable of executing only a single tasks simultaneously and efficiently. Multi-tasking is a productivity killer. It holds to true for reading too. If you try to mix reading with other activities, such as watching TV, preparing a meal or cleaning your room, then both you reading speed and comprehension will suffer. If you want to read efficiently then have to focus only to reading.

Is listening to music while reading multi-tasking? Will it turn your focus away from the text? It depends on your listening habits and the type of music. The main point is that if you want to have music on while reading then the music should not cause you to actually listen to it. If your mind focuses to the music, then you focus drifts away from the text and the reading efficiency will suffer.

The effect on music on reading efficiency can be different for different persons. While it may a distraction to some people, many people do not feel comfortable in the complete silence. For them silence itself can be a distraction, which does not allow them to concentrate. If it is the case for you then you will benefit from background music.

Anyways, the music you are listening while reading should not be catchy. It should not make you to listen to it. Music should only create the atmosphere and fill the silence. I would recommend you to listen to instrumental music as in that case there is not a threat that you will start listening to the lyrics. Music for reading should be relaxing. I would not recommend hip hop or heavy metal. Instead, sounds of nature, music for meditation or classical music are good choices.

Music can be helpful if you have to work in the noisy place, for example a crowded office or public transport. If you put on earphone then music will help you to escape from these noises. Having you ears on will also help you to avoid interruptions from other people.

What is the best solution for you? To listen to music or not to listen to it while reading? Give it a try. Experiment with different types of music and see what works for you. Notice if music turns your focus away from text or not. If yes, then you should prefer reading in the silence or try with different and less catchy type of music.


Source by Kristjan-Olari Leping

How Does Music Influence the Individual?

It is not clear how music influences the individual. Some experts insist that music and musicians influence young people. Other sources insist that certain individuals respond to particular types of music and musical expression. Either way, today’s youth can see how their favorite musicians dress and behave, both in public and in private, via the multiple media sources which are constantly monitoring the world’s celebrities. Young people can then elect to change their own appearance and behavior to reflect the musician and musical style that they most identify with.

Two separate, but related, theories explain how individuals relate to and express themselves through music. Social identity theory indicates that people “borrow” their identity from the society in which they live. The individual’s adopting of a group identity through music is a way for that person to conform to the ideals, goals, and norms of the society as a whole. The opposite of social identity theory says that some individuals elect to behave in a manner that is contrary to societal norms. These people prefer to adopt their own style and stand apart from everyone else. This is called personal identity theory. These theories are interrelated because, even though personal identity theory identifies the individual aspects of expression, the person is still identifying as a part of a sub-group.

Young people are more likely to subscribe to varying forms of identification through music; especially those forms that my not conform to the larger society. As young people move through the adolescent years and into young adulthood, they are more likely to explore and experiment with their own identity through music than older adults, who have likely settled into one genre that they identify with. Looking at music in this way makes it easier to see how it has always been, and remains, a socializing agent; a way for young people to explore their independence as they move away from the authority of their parents.

This perspective on music can hide the influence that music has on children. The music of the past century has played an important role in the lives of young adults, yet music may be having an expanding effect on individuals who are even younger. Remember that music has always been an important part of every society. Children are socialized through songs that are shared with them at many ages. Children’s songs can be as simple as songs that teach basic information, such as ABC’s and 123’s, and they can teach social skills and acceptable behavior (think Sesame Street and Barney). Still, children have access to the same music that young adults have access to; and sometimes this music is not age-appropriate. This phenomenon has ushered in the debates about whether or not exposure to certain musical influences is having a harmful effect on the nation’s youth.

Interestingly, one study has found that females are more likely to be influenced by music than males, although both genders find expression through music satisfying. This may be because females are typically socialized as members of a societal group and males are typically encouraged to be self-sufficient. The study’s authors believe that the socialization process makes females more susceptible to musical influences than males.


Source by Rebecca Stigall

Music is the Soul of Life

Life and music are two inseparable terms. The joy of music can only be enjoyed by the living ones. And this sweet feeling is mixed up in the nature. The path of Music is sound. Music can be concluded as an art. The common parameters of are rhythm, pitch; timber, etc. Pitch has got the special place in the music. It makes melody and harmony, and it is attached with meter and tempo. The quality factors are also very much effective.

The definition of music changes according to the changing society. The word revolves around simple terms like performance, creation and significance. There is a large variation of music in the world. The level shows the variation between organized compositions and aleatoric forms.

Music is an indifferent part of life. People in different culture enjoy different kinds of music. Great philosophers have said that music is tones of melodies and harmonies. In the horizontal direction, it is melody and in the vertical direction, harmony.

The harmony of the spheres is enjoyed by everyone upon this planet. And the melody gives a sweet feeling to the ears. These pleasant sounds give relax to body and mind. Different famous persons have different parameters to define music. Few people say that the music means only sound. It shows that if there is no noise than it is music. Musicologist believes that there is a great gap between music and noise.

The composition of Music is done for various purposes. It can be composed for aesthetic pleasure. It can also be done for religious purposes. The motive of the composition is also for entertainment purpose. Amateur musicians get the full pleasure in composing their own melodious music. Furthermore, they do not use this for money.

Professional musicians are getting employed by many organizations. For example, many churches, music schools and orchestras are now taking music as their important part of their institution. Now a day, film production companies are using music by Professional musicians. They are now working as freelancers.

There are many connections between professional musicians and amateur. Now a day, the amateur musicians are learning with professional ones. The combined performance of the advanced amateur musicians along with professional ones is making a great effect on the listeners. The performance is enhanced with the use of latest updated orchestras. Therefore, the level and status of advanced music has been increased in the present time.


Source by Gregory Ortel

How to Make A Great Press Kit – A Musician’s Guide

As an owner of an independent record label, I often get asked how to put together a great press kit. I have found that young musicians understand their music, but are often intimidated by the marketing end of the business. In this article I will help you figure out how to position yourself, whether you are a Latin female vocalist building her base, or an upstart garage band just looking for a break.

What is a Press Kit:

First of all, there is nothing magical about the term “press kit”. All we are talking about is a little background on you/your band, some basic facts, good quotes about your music, a couple of good pictures, and a sample of your music. You will use this to send to newspapers, lawyers, radio stations, A&R reps, promoters, and anyone else who is willing to spend five minutes reviewing your material. Additionally, on the internet you will hear about an electronic press kit, or EPS. An EPS is the exact same thing as a conventional press kit, except it is downloadable as an electronic file instead of a hardcopy form which must be mailed.

The main purpose of the press kit is to generate interest in the artist and their music.

What to include:

Include a limited amount of background information on yourself. It is fine to say where you are from, but no one really wants to hear about every singing performance you did during elementary school. Sometimes less is more.

Talk about your music. Who do you sound like, and who does your music remind people of. The reader needs to be able to have a good idea of what your music sounds like just from your description. Be thoughtful and feel free to be a little funny here (but stay professional). Saying something like your band sounds like a cross between “Maroon 5 and Green Day after 20 cups of coffee” helps the reader understand. Remember, if you don’t generate enough interest in the first minute, they will never listen to your demo.

Talk about what you are good at. What makes your band special and different from others? What skills and experiences do you bring to the table? Remember if you are looking for a record deal, you need to prove to your reader that you have all the right ingredients for them to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars marketing you. Launching a new artist is risky, so you need to help the record exec understand why you are a solid investment.

Include quotes and/or press clippings as you generate them. A good quote from a reputable source (not your brother-in-law) can add a lot of credibility to your press kit. It lets the reader know that you have already been reviewed and your material is worth listening to. Ninety percent of press kits unfortunately end up in the trash, some good quotes and positive reviews can create the momentum necessary to get heard, and who knows – maybe even become famous.

You can go with one page dedicated to a bio (biography), and a separate page focused on quotes about your music, or you can combine the two into what some people call a “one pager”. My personal preference is to boil everything down to a tight one pager. My desk gets cluttered and papers get separated. If you have you quotes separate from your bio, there is a possibility that I could misplace one or the other. With the advent of digital photography and high quality color printers, it is even possible to include a small picture on your one pager to make it even more complete.

Make sure the overall language and tone of the press kit is consistent with your image. If you have someone help you write your bio, make sure they have heard you music and know what you are all about before they hand you something that might sound great, but isn’t about the real you.

Include a couple of different 8×10 pictures that show off different features about you and your band. Include shots that would be appropriate in a news article, but also highlight your key assets from a visual perspective. Your press kit should look professional, but your pictures should reflect your style and music, so you pictures can be much more crazy and creative. Make sure you clearly label the picture with you name and contact information.

If you don’t have good pictures of your band, one of the best ways to get some is to go to a modeling agency and ask for a referral to a good local photographer. These photographers are often willing to do some great work for around $300 for the whole package. Make sure you get an agreement upfront that you own the copyrights after the shot and get the high resolution digital images on CD (with a copyright release you can print these photos at any major retailer). A photographer who does work with models is very different from a photographer who takes family pictures. They have a much better idea of what you want, they will encourage your creativity, and they are much more willing to give you the copyrights.

A current gig sheet can also be useful showing where you have recently played and where you are playing in the near future. This can demonstrate that the music is current and has a following in the community.

And of course, your music. Send a high quality CD demo, preferably mastered if you budget permits. Avoid burning your own CD on your home computer with a stick on label – it looks cheap. There are many new CD duplication services on the internet that will manufacture you CD with a printed color insert, and on disc printing even if you only want a few copies (CD replication is for batches over 1,000 but CD duplication is for batch sizes as small as 1). Expect to pay around $5 a retail ready disc for 1-5 CDs, with prices dropping off for larger batches. Make sure you clearly label the CD and the case with you name and contact information. The worst thing in the world that could happen is that they love your music, but they have already lost the rest of the press kit and don’t remember the name of the band.

What Not to Include:

Don’t oversell yourself. Saying that you are the greatest band that ever lived, might be true, but it probably isn’t. Be positive and promote yourself, but focus on statements that are credible. People in the music business hear hype all of the time, and for the most part are numb to it. Hype is good to use with the general public on things like posters (they often believe it), but your press kit reader is more sophisticated and will see it as cheap theatrics.

Including too much of your personal history can make you seem like an amateur with nothing meatier to talk about. Your reader wants to understand your music today, only your psychologist needs to know about every little detail of your childhood.

Don’t include anything that makes you look too desperate. You want to come across as a quality professional artist. Remember, you make great music. If your band is called the Chicken Heads, then it might be cute to include a rubber chicken in the box, but otherwise I would stick to the basics – bio, quotes, gig sheet, pictures, and music.

How to Package It:

Include a professional looking, personalized cover letter targeted at the person you are sending the press kit to. Your message needs to be different if you are sending it to an A&R rep at a label seeking a record deal, versus sending it to your local newspaper for a review in their music section. Be brief and to the point. Also, be clear and state exactly what you would like from them.

Put it all together in an organized package. Since you are most likely mailing your press kits, make sure that the CD does not bend the photos, and that your kit will arrive looking the way you intend. You may even want to test a press kit (send it across the country to a wrong address, and then it will come back to your return address) to evaluate your packaging.

Your Music Is Art, But Your Press Kit Is Business:

Remember, be professional. The person you are sending this press kit to probably gets hundreds of them, most of them are garbage (and that’s where they end up too). Your music can be crazy and wild, but your press kit needs to be more business like. You are asking someone to spend their valuable time reviewing your material. You may also be asking them to enter into a high risk expensive financial relationship with you. The person you are dealing with is in the music business, they need to make a living. The only way they can do that is to deal with real talent. By presenting a professional package you give them confidence that you are dedicated to making great music, and not just messing around.

A Word About Unsolicited Press Kits:

Avoid wasting your time and money sending a press kit to someone you have not talked with already. Always call and make contact first, ask who you should send it to and what their process is. If possible, have someone who knows the person act as an intermediate and make the initial introduction (this can work wonders). The music business is all about contacts, create and leverage your network. After sending your press kit, call in a couple of weeks and follow up to make sure they received it and got a chance to review it.

Example:

To see a good example of a press kit, go to Legend Vega’s website at [http://www.legendvega.com].


Source by Scott Richards

Music As a Form of Entertainment

Music like any other form of art is a great form of entertainment for you. Your blues, emo, indie, folk or music videos are a great source of fun for you and your loved ones. Whether it’s an African village enjoying the live beats of the drum or a club in the middle of New York, the effect is the same. The music does it all for them.

You can enjoy a great time with music as a form of fun by dancing. Simply get up and take to the floor. When listening to your blues, emo or folk songs there is no better way for you to express your feeling that shaking what you’ve got. Just let your hair down for a moment and let the music take you. You are sure to enjoy it every time you get on the floor. Music causes you to just want to move. It stirs within you slowly until you can’t hold still no more.

You can also enjoy music by simply watching the artists do what they love. You enjoy musicals and operas this way. The music just causes you to sit still and enjoy. The moment is like an experience out of this world. For a moment you forget about everything else. You focus on the music. The indie, folk or alternative songs capture your consciousness. It’s like a musical trance. You feel it in your inner most being. That’s how music entertains you.

Even without having to go out for that opera or musical, you know that music will still entertain you wherever you are. You can have a great time just sitting and listening to your best emo or indie CD right in your living room. Call your friends to enjoy the moment with you. It lightens the mood and makes you all laugh without a care in the world. It’s even okay if you choose to dance right in the middle of your living room. The music transforms an uneventful and boring evening into one you are sure not to forget.

Music entertains you quite well in clubs and discos. If going out is your cup of tea, you know how much fun this is. When the music is playing out loud and the lighting adds to the effect you can’t help but enjoy. Everything goes here. While sipping on your favorite drink and whispering at your friend’s ear, you know that you don’t want the evening to end. The indie, folk, alternative or emo songs played for you make the atmosphere just as you want it to be. At this point, you unleash your vivacious side and you can confidently ask that guy, “want to dance?” This is because you’re really entertained.

Music as a form of entertainment is evident in celebrations and special occasions. You know how without the folk, emo or indie music at your best friend’s graduation you would have had a drab time. You can swear that the only reason you stayed was because of the music.


Source by Mich Jackson

Protect Your Songs – Music Does Get Stolen

Many songwriters wonder if it’s really that big a deal to worry about getting songs stolen.

Why bother with copyright or song registration paperwork? My music is safe as soon as I write it down, right?

Well, yes and no.

True, actual copyright protection attaches as soon as original material is put into physical form. But…

You better be prepared to PROVE when your copyright protection started!

Songs get stolen more often than people might think. Cell phones make great secret audio recorders and if you are considering the Internet for your showcase… well you know how easy stealing things from there is!

And then there’s the more famous cases…

That’s what happened with George Harrison. His song “My Sweet Lord” was stolen from “She’s So Fine” (he admitted as much, though “by accident,” see below). Or Led Zeppelin’s lyrics on “Whole Lotta Love” coming from Willie Dixon’s “You Need Love.” Or “Dazed and Confused” taken from Jake Holmes.

And if it can happen to the biggies, it can happen to anyone…

In fact, we’ve included 2 links toward the end of this article listing songs that were actually stolen — one is a story about recently stolen material and the other is a study commissioned by UCLA about songs stolen between 2007 back to 1887!

And it’s not just evil people out there looking for songs to steal that’s the worry. It’s important to make sure your music is copyright protected for other reasons too. You may or may not have heard about songs getting stolen by accident.

Yes you heard right. Registering your song copyrights is super-important to protect against the chance that someone steals it whether they mean to or not.

If you think it’s impossible for someone to accidentally steal your song, just think how easy it is finding yourself humming a few bars of “something” without even remembering where you heard it (or whether you EVEN heard it or just made it up in your own mind).

Even if that happens innocently, YOU STILL DON’T WANT SOMEONE USING YOUR NOTES OR RIFFS IF YOU CREATED THEM FIRST.

And here are the 2 links discussing songs actually stolen:

CLICK HERE for a recent newspaper article on stolen song material…

CLICK HERE to read the UCLA “Copyright Infringement Project” which analyzes some of the better known music copyright cases — from 1887 through 2007 — with the ability to compare the alleged stolen material so you can decide for yourself!

So next time you write a song and say “why bother” when it comes to taking precautions to register your song copyright, just remember George Harrison, or Jimmie Paige, or the person turning on his or her cell phone while you play…

Remember, it takes such little effort registering your songs.

ALWAYS make sure you have proof of your song copyright and when you created them.

ALWAYS register your music with a reputable, third-party copyright registration service, or with the Copyright Office, AS SOON AS YOU CREATE IT!!!

Better safe than sorry.

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Disclaimer:

The above information is intended as general information only, not as legal advice or solicitation for legal services, and should not be relied on as such. Please consult with a local attorney in your area for specific legal questions on music copyright law.

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Source by Peter Goldberger

Exponential Growth and Music

A sequence of numbers increases or decreases exponentially when you get each number from the previous one in the sequence by multiplying it by a particular number. For example, the sequence 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 is generated by multiplying by 2. This number you multiply by obviously changes for different sequences.

Some people claim that mathematicians are often good musicians, although if you ever heard me play the piano, you might not agree! Using music to introduce exponential growth follows a valuable theme: there is a mathematical pattern in something we can recognize around us. Most of us can hear an octave in music, or a dominant chord or a subdominant, even though we may not be able to put a name to any of them. So, something around us fits a pattern; that pattern is about to be revealed.

When a symphony orchestra tunes up, one instrument, usually an oboe, plays a note and the other instruments tune relative to it. That note is the A-above-middle-C which sounds when air vibrates at 440 beats per second. A note one octave (8 notes or 13 semitones) below this is heard when air vibrates at 220 beats per second (220 is half of 440). An octave above the A will vibrate at 880 beats per second. The twelve spaces between the thirteen semitones of a scale are equally divided these days. This division is called “equal temperament” and is what J. S. Bach meant when he used the title “The Well-Tempered Clavier” for one of his major works.

The technical term for “beats per second” is “Hertz;” A has 440 Hertz (Hz).

As each note rises in pitch by one semitone, the number of beats per second increases by 1.0595 times. If you want to check the figures in the list below, you might like to take this increase as 1.0594631.

Here is a list of the beats per second for each of the notes (semitones) in a scale starting at A. The figures are to the nearest whole number. Note that the sequence of numbers is an exponential sequence with a common ratio of 1.0594631. Who would have guessed?

A is 220 Hz, A# is 233, B is 247, C is 262, C# is 277, D is 294, D# is 311, E is 330, F is 349, F# is 370, G is 392, G# is 415, A is 440.

For the musical fuss-pots among you, note that I had to put D# rather than E flat because there is a symbol for “sharp” – the hash sign – on a keyboard, but not one for “flat.”

When playing music in the key of A, the other key you are most likely to drift into from time to time is E, or the Dominant key of A which is what it is called. If you want to make a grand final bar or two to your next piece of music, you will probably finish with the chord of E (or E7) followed by the final chord of A.

Another interesting point here is that the key signature of A is 3 sharps, while the key signature of E is 4 sharps. More of that later.

There is a lovely word in English: “sesquipedalian.” “Sesqui” is a Latin prefix meaning “one and a half,” while “pedalian” gives us “feet.” Notice the word “pedal” here. So the word means “one and a half feet” (in length) and is used sarcastically of people who use long words when shorter words will do. Yet another aside here is that the word sesquipedaliophobia means a fear of long words. Sesquipedaliophobics will not know that, of course!

Now back to music: sesqui, or the ratio of 2:3 takes us from the beats per second of a key, to the hertz of its dominant key. A has 220 Hz. Increase it in the ratio 2:3 and you get 330, the Hz of E, the dominant key of A.

The fun continues! Look at the Hertz of the note D in the list above – 294 – and “sesqui” it, increase it in the ratio 2:3. You will get 294 + 147 = 441 (it should be 440, but we are approximating). So? A is the dominant key of D, and D’s key signature has 2 sharps to A’s 3.

To summarize: here are the keys in “sharp” order, starting with C which has no sharps in its key signature, and increasing by one sharp at a time (G has one sharp).

C, G, D, A, E, B, F#, C#. That will do. Notice they go up by the musical interval of a 5th. To go “downwards” from C, you take away a sharp, or in other words, you add a flat.

I do not have space to show you how to tune a guitar, but it is related to this work and is a lot clearer because you can see the relationships of the keys on the fret-board. Perhaps another article later?


Source by Chris O’Donoghue

Jazz Music and Its Significance in US History

Jazz music which is thought to be an art creation of the American blacks during the early decades of the twentieth century has been an important subject of the social history of US. It gained popularity not only as an art form but it also helped the hapless blacks, who were the offspring of the enslaved African origin blacks brought into America by the white settlers to exploit them for their labor needs, to gain a social standing through the power of music. They, with the help of influential jazz music, brought to limelight the miseries that they are suffering because of the racial hatred.

Initially the jazz music flourished in the South American region. New Orleans was especially very dear to this art. From there it traveled to all parts of America. In the beginning years there was strong resistance seen on the part of whites who could not see the blacks progressing in some field. But despite all their malicious efforts to suppress the jazz music being spread into society, they themselves were vanquished by its influence. It made itself as a hallmark of the US culture. Whites and immigrants from other regions of world were seen getting into this music.

The music when adopted by people from different ethnic backgrounds living in the multicultural society of US groomed further and many other variations were developed of it. All these happenings with the jazz were signifying the growing influence of the Negroes. The lyrics of their songs, especially the improvisation technique used in the Jazz which allows the singer to sing without even the tune, were expressive of their true emotions and their social sufferings on being the isolated and neglected portion of the society. It, in a sense, played a considerable role in reducing the racial differences. Other people of different ethnicities also used it to raise their voice.

Jazz was setting its roots in the music landscape and became popular in all people. Because of its rapid development people started calling it the rise of ‘Jazz Culture’ in America.

It was just after the end of slavery in US the Jazz music started to grow. The slave trade, though it was ended by the American law, had profound effects for the US society. It generated a milieu of hatred for blacks toward whites and vice versa. This legacy had to last for generations and according to the recent studies there is still a huge tendency of racism that exist in American people. In addition to this there were immigrants from other regions of the world that further amplified the diversity and nationalistic feelings among people who were now living together in the multi-ethnic society of US. In such an atmosphere the empowerment of blacks through the help of their arts movements was a historic marvel. It was not just music that was their sole part of the black arts movement. Other genres of art like poetry, fiction, fashion were also distinctively used by them

In the city of New Orleans where the Jazz music was born there was a peculiar tradition among people. During the funerals the people were consoled by these jazz singers who used to play funeral songs that soothed the family and friends of the dead person. This practice was becoming more and more prominent and was taking a shape of a must element of funeral processions. Moreover the people of New Orleans were very fond of holding music parties, concerts, balls,etc. that further paved the way for jazz to get fame among people. In this way the city of New Orleans mushroomed jazz culture and is therefore called the mother city of jazz music. One of the most famous and much cherished jazz singer Louis Armstrong also belonged to that place.

From New Orleans Jazz was entering into the boundaries of New York and Chicago. These cities also proved to be welcoming for it. So large was becoming its influence that many recording companies, who initially were not providing equal opportunity to black artists to record their albums, started to give access to these jazz singers to prepare their albums in the recording houses. That rapidly boosted the growth of jazz music. Firstly the recording companies which were mainly owned by whites were skeptic that the jazz would be liked by the greater masses.

The things got contrary to their expectations. The jazz music was even adopted by whites who fell in love with it and made their own variations of the jazz. It was becoming the voice of the people. After its commercialization and likeness by the people more black singers were encouraged to release their albums. In this way they were assimilating their identities with other segments of the society. They were listened, played and copied. Their message that began to come in front of mounting audience helped to eliminate the prejudiced thoughts directed toward them.

Jazz music was a quintessential part of the famous Black Arts movement and its efficacy to bring the voice of blacks to the limelight proved more good than other arts. There were singers like Louis Armstrong, Charlie Parker, Duke Ellington, etc. who played a superb role in utilizing Jazz as a platform to express the miseries, fears, dangers, hatred and negligence the blacks face on the hands of whites. Initially, when the jazz was being adopted by white singers, the runners of Black Arts movement considered it as a threat and protested the involvement of non-blacks in it.

After the 1950s the Asian-Americans were also seen getting into Jazz. They too uses jazz to raise their voice which helped them to raise their social status. They were able to cast a political influence on the higher powers as well.

Jazz was a wonderful addition in the field of music and had been a healthy form of entertainment. A music that grew at a place where the subjugated class–blacks–had little opportunity to compete with the self-supposed superiors–whites–who could have set obstacles for the Jazz music to start its drive to nadir before making any rise. And in fact initially the intentions of the whites were not different than this but as the outburst of emotions can not be stopped they realized that the Jazz had to cross limits.

As the people of America have had love for music, the jazz not only became an entertaining music for them but it was to become the very part of the US culture and the way of American Life. Magazines, Newspapers, and the Television provided considerable space to the stuff related to jazz. Why the jazz made such a glorious fame was because of the characteristic of jazz which allows the intensity of emotions to be interpreted in the music. Now many other form of jazz are developed which testifies it has a potential to win more hearts and last forever.


Source by Nauman Lodhi

When Does Copyright Expire On My Music?

The expiration date on your copymitted music is not something you have to worry about, at least not in your lifetime. The music that you've written is copymitted the moment you've put it onto paper or recorded it. The reason you do not have to worry about expiration is because the music is protected until 70 years after the death of the author. In the case of your music, that author would be you.

This rule about copyright music expiration was first put into place so that the families and heirs of an author could still earn royalties even after his or her death. Ultimately this means that if you've taken the steps to copyright your music and have registered the copyright, then your music will be protected through your lifetime until 70 years after you or the last surviving author (assuming a collaboration) is false.

Copyright music expiration is not something you should make a primary concern unless you are having issues of someone respecting and / or honoring your copyright at the moment. You should take comfort in the fact that as long as you are alive you are the only one who can assign your copyright to another person; and as long as you have not given up your ownership of the music it still belongs to you.

This is different, however, if your copyrighted music was work "made for hire." If that is the case then you can not have ownership of the music, as it never legially belonged to you, but the person or entity who hired you to produce the music. Works made for hire have different copyright music expiration than those owned by the creator. With works made for hire, the copyright is in effect for 95 years from the original publication date or for 120 years from the creation of the work, which of the two is shooter.


Source by Richard Cunningham

Music Activities for Seniors in Nursing Homes

Music Activities Help Seniors Emotional Health

Music activities for seniors in nursing homes and other care facilities can help their emotional and psychological needs. Music, songs, singing and playing instruments all contribute to creative expression and stimulation, as well as group participation. Seniors in geriatric and palliative care can benefit from a vibrant music program. Alzheimer’s and other dementia are conditions with affects at least partially alleviated with music activities for seniors.

Music can be a good therapeutic tool. There comes a time when the physical needs of the elderly are not enough. They need to be kept entertained and stimulated. A program with music activities for seniors will enable them to be creative, expressive and more communicative. This contributes to a healthier sense of well being, thereby helping to dispel depression, loneliness and frustration. Music used for these purposes can and should include their preferences. But using their less preferred choices as experimental options to explore music, sound, vibration, and instruments can stir excitement and joy from the unexpected and previously unexplored. Provide a wide variety of music so that the residents can get a rich musical experience.

In some instances music activities for seniors has been able to reduce the fear of transitioning to a new home and surroundings. When people are first admitted to care facilities, there is a sense of fear and anxiety. Seniors fear losing control over aspects of their life and losing privacy, as well as other freedoms. Music and musical activities can enable them to adjust gradually to the realities of the situation. Music therapy sessions can remove the sense of isolation. When clients or residents are encouraged to participate in sing alongs and music making sessions they can feel like more a part of something pleasurable, relaxing, and even fun.

Singing old and familiar tunes from their youth or just many years ago, with others that remember them well too, can be an unexpected pleasure. Many elderly people haven’t sung songs at all in many years. What fun they have to sing them again and remember all the lyrics.

Some people begin to really appreciate music when they are immobile. That is why the music activities for seniors in nursing homes and adult day facilities have been very successful. People can learn to play different instruments. Many elderly people haven’t sung familiar songs like hymns in years, and would find this to be a thrill. If singing hymns in church is something they did regularly before entering a facility, it can help to give them peace to be able to continue this practice.

Music Activities Helps Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s patients can also be helped with music. In his speech during the Mini-Conference on Aging and Music Therapy, The AoA Grant Project Director of Colorado State University, Michael Thaut has said that “The results of this [music therapy] study impact neurological rehabilitation because they demonstrate that particular elements of music have a specific effect on motor systems. After three weeks, the patients with Parkinson’s disease demonstrated longer stride length and improved gait velocity by an average of 25 per cent. These data validate the effectiveness of auditory rhythm to improve gait through the rhythmic coupling of auditory and motor systems.”

In addition to playing instruments to create music other music activities for seniors in nursing homes should include singing along to songs, and some elderly people with good mobility may also enjoy dancing. This is another good music activity for seniors that allows for some creative self expression. The movement is good and healthy for exercise and can add another element to music enjoyment.


Source by DJ Hughes